What Is Water Restoration?

Water restoration is the process of restoring your home or business after water damage. It involves cleaning, sanitizing, and drying the affected areas.

Water Restoration

The first step is to remove any standing water using wet vacs or pumps. This step is critical because moisture can cause severe structural problems and bacterial growth. For professional help, contact Restore Draper now!

Water damage restoration requires drying out the moisture in order to restore a property. This process can take days or weeks depending on the level of saturation and the amount of water damage that a building has suffered. Using tools such as moisture detection devices, restoration professionals can determine the level of moisture in a property and plan accordingly.

Drying is a physical process that transforms liquids into gases by heat and mechanical action. It can be applied to a wide range of food products including fruits, vegetables, and herbs to preserve them. It inhibits the growth of bacteria, yeasts, and molds while slowing down enzymatic activities. In addition, it can improve sensory properties, color, and texture.

During the drying process, unbound moisture evaporates from the surface of the product and is carried to the interior by diffusion. The internal moisture content is gradually eliminated until a critical value is reached. This point is called the critical moisture content or dehydration point (DPC). It is at this stage that the enzymatic activity and sensory characteristics are significantly affected [2].

Different drying methods have been used to obtain dried products with various physical parameters such as porosity, shape, and color. The most popular method is the convective drying, which uses warm temperatures and low humidity. Its advantages include a high permeability, low cost, and short processing time. However, it may cause changes in flavor, nutritional content, and texture. Moreover, it can also lead to a higher apparent density than the true density of the materials because it does not consider the pore size of the material [3].

Another method is microwave drying, which uses electromagnetic waves to remove water from food. This method is safe and easy to use. It can be used to dry a variety of foods, including fruits and vegetables, herbs, and meats. It can also be used to preserve the color and nutritional content of food and reduce its volume and weight. It can also prevent harmful chemical reactions and oxidation in food. It can also protect heat-sensitive bioactive compounds and maintain their quality.


In the cleaning phase, professionals use specialized equipment to remove all visible moisture and to clean the surfaces that have been affected by water. This can include floors, walls and furniture. This step also involves sanitizing and deodorizing affected materials to prevent mold, bacteria and other contaminants from growing. Air movers and desiccant dehumidifiers are common tools used in the drying process.

In addition, water might need to be disinfected, which is a critical process for surface waters such as rivers, lakes and ponds, and in groundwater treatment plants. Water can become contaminated from many sources, including chemicals, pesticides and organic material.

Generally, the water is first screened to remove large debris such as sticks and trash. This is usually done in surface water treatment systems, but it can be used in groundwater if it is necessary to avoid contamination from sewage and other sources of pollution that are difficult to filter out. Chemicals may be added to the water to bind with dirt and dissolved pollutants, creating larger particles that are heavier than the water and therefore settle to the bottom of tanks (coagulation and flocculation). Then, clear water passes through filters made of sand, gravel or charcoal to remove dissolved dust, parasites, bacteria, viruses and toxic chemicals. Chlorine is often added to kill any remaining pathogens and keep the water clean as it travels through pipes to homes and businesses.

The goal of the water treatment process is to make sure that the water you drink is safe and that it meets the requirements of local, state and federal laws. You can find out more about the water treatment process by visiting the virtual tour of a water treatment plant on the One Water Cycle website.


If your water has a foul odor, you might be experiencing a problem with bacteria in your plumbing or the source water. If you are on a public water supply, the odor may be caused by organic matter decaying in the surface of the water or due to inadequate chlorination. In this case, contact your water supply authority and have the problem investigated. In well water systems, odors are often caused by iron or sulfur bacteria. These bacteria do not pose a health risk but can cause a foul smell. One time shock chlorination of the well system can usually eliminate these odors.

Using a deodorizer that contains baking soda or vinegar can also help eliminate odors. You can use this solution in the drains, toilets and even on sponges, but don’t use it on leather or suede items. Baking soda can be a little harsh on some materials so test the solution on an inconspicuous area before applying to a larger surface. Vinegar is safe on most surfaces and can also be used as a rinse for pots, pans and dishes that have been stored in the sink.

Deodorizing vegetable oils has long been an important step in the physical refining of these fats to meet consumer acceptance standards. In the early 20th century, batch deodorizers were developed that operated at atmospheric pressure (AOCS Lipid Library). In more recent times, a continuous deodorization process has been designed that operates under vacuum and steam conditions ranging from 210 to 270 degrees Celsius.

In addition to these processes, a number of companies now advertise the use of natural zeolites in order to eliminate unpleasant odors. Steelhead Specialty Minerals, American Adsorbents, ODORZOUT and Zeolite Australia all promote these products for the purpose of eliminating ammonia and hydrogen sulfide, which are gaseous byproducts of the breakdown of organic matter.

It is possible to simulate this deodorization process in a commercial simulator like PRO/II. The model can be created by collecting the necessary physical property and unit operation data and storing it in an efficient database structure.


Water restoration is the process of returning water-damaged property to its pre-loss condition. This includes removing and cleaning materials, such as carpeting and carpet padding, and applying antimicrobials to prevent mold growth. It also consists of setting up air movers and dehumidifiers to remove excess moisture.

The world’s water supplies are under stress from a growing population, pollution, overextraction, climate change and other factors. Access to safe drinking water, sanitation and hygiene is a fundamental human need. If current trends continue, billions of people will be living without these essential services by 2030 unless progress quadruples.

Access to fresh water is critical for life on Earth, and we are depleting it faster than nature can replenish. Fortunately, the global water crisis can be tackled through sustainable water management practices and innovative solutions that help communities reduce their demand on at-risk water sources. This includes the use of alternative water sources, such as recycled and reused water, to meet local water needs and enhance water security, sustainability and resilience.

Sources of potential water reuse can include municipal wastewater, industrial process and cooling water, stormwater, agriculture runoff and return flows, and produced water from natural resource extraction activities. Typically, these sources need to be adequately treated to achieve “fit-for-purpose specifications” for a specific next use, such as drinking water or water for irrigation.

Many of the world’s most important rivers and watersheds are threatened by degraded ecosystems, pollution and development. In addition, people are using more and more water for activities such as agriculture, industry and hydropower, which is causing the most severe strain on freshwater resources.

A new approach to water restoration is helping protect and connect the health of our rivers, creeks and lakes. These projects range from restoring the connection between the drought-stricken Cedro Creek and its historic floodplain in Bernalillo County, New Mexico, to sustaining aquatic habitats and providing drinking water for Navajo families. In all, these efforts are restoring over 20 million gallons of water every year.

The bipartisan infrastructure bill last year provided unprecedented funding to states to identify and replace lead service lines, the pipes that carry water from water mains to homes and businesses. But since these pipes often extend onto private property, the costs of a full replacement can be prohibitive for low-income neighborhoods.